Feb 13, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – Because of a suboptimal match between this year’s flu vaccine and circulating influenza B viruses, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended changing one of the three strains used in flu vaccines for the Northern Hemisphere next fall and winter.The WHO’s choices for the two influenza A strains remain the same as last year, according to new reports published on the WHO Web site this week. The agency recommended keeping the influenza A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 variants used in this year’s vaccine, both of which are labeled Brisbane strains.The influenza B component of this year’s flu vaccine was from the Yamagata lineage, but the proportion of strains from the Victoria lineage continues to increase and has become predominant in many countries, the WHO said. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) most recent flu surveillance report, for the week of Feb 1 through 7, said that of 78 influenza B viruses that were characterized, 55 belonged to the Victoria lineage.Health officials in the United States have discussed including both lineages in the seasonal vaccine to address the unpredictable prevalence of the influenza B strains, especially since a vaccine against one lineage offers little protection against the other.Last year the WHO recommended a total vaccine makeover for the 2008-09 flu season because of a mismatch to circulating strains the previous season.Each February the WHO assesses the flu virus strains in circulation before picking the strains for the next Northern Hemisphere flu season. It takes about 6 months for vaccine manufacturers to grow the viruses in chicken eggs and formulate them into trivalent (three-strain) vaccines. Changing one or two strains is not unusual.The WHO recommends the following for next season’s vaccine:For the H1N1 component, a strain similar to A/Brisbane/59/2007For the H3N2 component, a strain similar to A/Brisbane/10/2007For the B component, a strain similar to B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus, replacing B/Florida/4/2006The Brisbane strains of H1N1 and H3N2 will be used in this year’s vaccine for the Southern Hemisphere, where the flu season runs from May through October, according to the WHO. However, the influenza B component of the Southern Hemisphere’s vaccine is similar to B/Florida/4/2006.In its full report on the strain selection, the WHO said that between September 2008 and January 2009, Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania all reported influenza activity. Though levels were lower than in the same period last year, activity was higher in some European countries, including the United Kingdom, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Poland, and the Netherlands.In the Northern Hemisphere, countries such as Japan, Tunisia, and European countries reported regional outbreaks of H3N2 in December and January. In the United States, H1N1 viruses predominated, while in Canada, B viruses were more common.H1N1 strains that show resistance to the antiviral drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu), one of two neuraminidase inhibitors recommended for treatment, predominated in most regions of the world. No such resistance was seen in H3N2 or B viruses, and there were no reports of viruses resistant to zanamivir (Relenza).See also:CDC flu surveillance reportJan 16 CIDRAP News story “Experts consider 4-strain flu vaccine to fight B viruses”
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Published on November 5, 2019 at 10:12 pm Contact Danny: firstname.lastname@example.org | @DannyEmerman Facebook Twitter Google+ Syracuse head coach Quentin Hillsman had seen enough of his starting point guard initiating the offense hesitantly, throwing risky passes and searching for her shot too tentatively.So when junior Kiara Lewis found herself wide open but elected to pull the ball out instead of shooting a 3-pointer, Hillsman called timeout. He met her in front of the scorer’s table. “I told Kiki just be aggressive — she’s open, she’s gotta shoot the ball,” Hillsman said. “We want her to be aggressive and play the way she can play.” When Hillsman called that timeout, SU trailed 24-15. Lewis had more turnovers (three) than points (two). After discussing her play with Hillsman, though, Lewis changed her approach and led SU on a 16-6 run to end the quarter and take a lead into halftime. Lewis continued her aggressive play for the rest of the game, controlling the tempo and providing No. 21 Syracuse (1-0) with a team-high 16 points, eight rebounds and seven assists in a 66-54 season-opening win over Ohio (0-1). “We started off a little slow,” Lewis said, “And part of it starts with me just because I have the ball more.” AdvertisementThis is placeholder textThroughout the game, most of SU’s half-court sets consisted of running Lewis through on-ball screens, allowing her to drive and either create for herself or kick out to shooters on the perimeter. Ohio’s defense countered this by packing the paint, preventing SU bigs from diving through the middle for easy layups.This worked at first, as Lewis often forced passes into rolling bigs who were swarmed. But Lewis adjusted by recognizing when the defense was collapsed into the paint and then kicking out to shooters. Senior guard Gabrielle Cooper (10 points) was often the beneficiary. Once SU started making outside shots, Ohio had to close out harder to shooters, opening up the floor more for Lewis. Amy Nakamura | Co-Digital Editor“She just started to attack downhill, and that was the difference in the game,” Hillsman said.After trailing 20-10 after the first quarter, freshman Taleah Washington capped off the 10-point first half comeback with a fadeaway, buzzer-beating three from the corner. With less than two seconds remaining, Washington collected an offensive rebound near the paint, retreated to the three-point line, gathered and nailed the shot to give the Orange a 31-30 lead. Lewis continued her downhill approach in the second half. A minute into the third quarter, she beat her defender with a left-to-right crossover and finished at the rim. A hesitation dribble on the next possession gave her another make in the paint. Then, when Ohio’s defense sagged into the lane, Lewis drove and found Gabrielle Cooper in the corner for a 3-pointer. Three possessions, seven points, all Lewis.Even when her shot wasn’t falling — Lewis went 1-of-4 from deep — she stayed aggressive. After grabbing a rebound in traffic with 1:25 left in the third, Lewis went coast-to-coast and drew a foul at the rim. On a similar play later, she got cut off at the elbow, but found Cooper in the corner with a cross-court pass for a triple.“I think it allows us to play off each other,” Cooper said of the drive-and-kick offense. “When we started hitting shots that brought their defense out and that created more lanes and opportunities for dump-offs.”But Ohio kept the score close. Syracuse’s 2-3 zone defense closed out on shooters inconsistently, and lost guard Erica Johnson — who finished with 13 points — on the perimeter often. Johnson’s triple late in the third quarter knotted the score at 46, but SU responded with a 14-0 run led by Lewis. Lewis scored seven of her 16 points in the final frame, including a pull-up 3-pointer at the end of the shot clock that banked in. Her fast break left-handed layup with six minutes remaining gave SU a 12-point lead, a margin it wouldn’t relinquish. Still, Lewis wasn’t perfect. She “needs to take care of the ball better” and make smarter decisions, Hillsman said. Against Ohio, Lewis had six turnovers.“That can’t happen,” Lewis said. “I mean, it’s the first game so all the jitters are out now. I’m not worried.”As Lewis dribbled out the clock with a double-digit lead, Tiana Mangakahia, who was diagnosed with breast cancer in June and ruled out for the season, watched from the bench. Before the game, Syracuse warmed up in customized t-shirts displaying “Tough4T,” and after the win Hillsman fantasized about what a “perfect storm” backcourt of Mangakahia and Lewis might’ve looked like this year. But the reality is it’s Lewis’s team to run now, Hillsman said, and as long as she plays aggressively, that doesn’t concern him. Comments
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! A memorial service will be Sunday for Earl Raymond Jackson, dubbed “the voice of Disneyland,” who died April 30. He was 72. He moved with family to California in 1967, working in the Entertainment Division at Disneyland. After producing and announcing many live shows, including the premier of Disneyland on Parade, Jackson was dubbed “the voice of Disneyland” by Walt Disney. Survivors include Patricia Jackson, his wife of 49 years; daughters Beverly and Catherine; son David; and four grandchildren. A memorial service will be at 2 p.m. Sunday at Pickwick Gardens, 1001 Riverside Drive Burbank. Memorial contributions may be sent to the HealthCare Foundation at Glendale Adventist Medical Center.